Salarios reales siguen cayendo al igual que las horas extraordinarias trabajadas

  • Por Felipe Pinochet.

 

 

De acuerdo a los datos dados a conocer este martes 7 de julio por el Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE), el índice de remuneraciones real, es decir, el que descuenta la variación de la inflación, cayó 0,1% en mayo comparado tanto con igual mes del año anterior como con abril. De esta forma, los salarios anotaron una nueva caída, al igual que una fuerte baja en las horas extraordinarias por trabajador.

 

En los primeros cinco meses del año el índice de remuneraciones real acumuló un retroceso de 0,8%. En tanto, las horas extraordinarias han tenido una fuerte baja en doce meses de un 36,6%, y las ordinarias 3,5%. En igual período.las horas totales por trabajador registraron un descenso de 4,2%.

 

En el desglose, los sectores que más incidieron en la baja de las horas extraordinarias, fueron transporte y almacenamiento; construcción y administración pública; los grupos ocupacionales trabajadores no especializados; trabajadores de servicios personales y seguridad; y técnicos.

En cuanto a la caída de horas ordinarias, los sectores que más afectaron fueron la construcción; industria manufacturera y comercio; los grupos ocupacionales operarios manuales; trabajadores no especializados y operadores de máquinas.

Respecto a las remuneraciones nominales (que incluyen a la inflación), estas registraron un aumento de 2,6% en doce meses, manteniendo la desaceleración anotada en abril, y cayeron 0,1% frente al mes anterior.

Por sector económico, industria manufacturera, comercio, actividades financieras y de seguros y minería anotaron las mayores incidencias anuales positivas.

Por otra parte, el número de puestos de trabajo ocupados reportado por las empresas, se redujo interanualmente en la mayoría de los sectores económicos, con excepción de administración pública, salud y asistencia social e información y comunicaciones. Las mayores incidencias interanuales en la disminución del número de puestos de trabajo se registraron en comercio, construcción, e industria manufacturera.

 

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